Contemporary Materials II−2 (2011)

Contemporary Materials (Renewable energy sources), II−2 (2011)          Page 103 of 122

UDK 620.91:551.55(497.GRS)


D. Lj. Mirjanić1,  M. Zlatanović

1 Academy of Sciences and Arts of the Republic of Srpska, Republic of Srpska
2 Belgrade University, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Serbia


In the energy sector important increase in the use of renewable energy sources has been caused by climate changes, which are, in turn, a result of greenhouse gas emissions and the pollution of the environment. The energy of the wind is the most important environmentally- friendly renewable energy source, and is, by many economic parameters, a successful competitor to classical energy sources. The countries of the European Union, as well as America, China, India, Australia and many other countries have introduced substantial government measures to support the development of the wind power energy. 
By using the satellite data, Company ANEMOS developed the RS Wind Atlas in 5 km x 5 km resolution. The data from land meteorological stations in the territory of RS may be used only to a limited extent due to the spatial distribution of measurement places and large influence that the configuration and roughness of the surrounding area have on the interpretation of measurement results. A number of specialized measurement stations for wind in the territory of the Romanija and around Trebinje have been installed in order to determine the local energy potential of the wind. This paper outlines the first results of determining global distribution of speed of wind in the RS territory according to the European Atlas methodology, by using the satellite measurements with 25 km x 25 km resolution. It has been shown that the wind speed in the territory of RS rises in the direction North-West – South-East, which is corresponding to the available results of other studies. The wind maps that were produced may be used to determine the locations that are appropriate for setting the specialized measurement stations for wind.
At the end of the paper we analyze economic aspects of using the wind energy.

Keywords: wind energy, wind generators, the Republic of Srpska Wind Atlas. 


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